The Srinaghat-Kashmir University campus is not open to the public, as is the one in Jammu and Kashmir.
Yet the government-run campus, which serves women students, is open to them, providing them with an education in the areas of women empowerment, health, finance, social work, and more.
The government college at Srinaganj, located near the Srinakhi area of Srinagh, has been a pioneer in providing women with an opportunity to pursue their educational dreams, says Shashank Bhatt, who has been the head of the college since 2015.
The institution opened its doors to women students in 2013, when the university was a small institute and its students were underrepresented among the population.
But by 2015, the campus had expanded to accommodate a larger student population.
Since then, the college has provided more than 15,000 scholarships to women.
“The first women students were coming to the college,” Bhatt says.
“By 2019, there were over 20,000 students enrolled.”
According to Bhatt and others in the government education system, women are one of the most disadvantaged groups in the country.
In the country’s largest state, Kashmir, one in five women have experienced physical or sexual violence, and one in four have been victims of domestic violence.
“We have to do a lot to get more women in our institutions,” Bhat says.
But while there are opportunities for women to gain an education, there are many barriers.
“Many women do not have the means to go and study,” says Bhatt.
“If they do go to study, they can’t afford it.
There are so many barriers to getting an education.”
There are many issues that women face in their careers.
According to a 2016 study by the International Labour Organization (ILO), the cost of attending school, which includes fees, textbooks, books, fees for transportation, and other costs, is more than double that of men.
In 2016, India’s average salary for a full-time worker was about Rs. 4,600 ($630) per month, compared to Rs. 2,800 ($440) for a female worker.
Women’s rights activists say that a lack of resources, including financial aid, for women students also contributes to the high unemployment rate.
Women in the education sector face similar barriers, says Abhijit Agarwal, a researcher at the Centre for Policy Research, an independent think tank.
“If women were to join the workforce, there would be less employment opportunities for them,” Agarwal says.
Agarwal adds that the education system needs to be more inclusive.
“There needs to have greater funding for women in education and vocational training,” he says.
According to the government, the government has a scheme that provides financial aid to help female students and students from underprivileged communities pay for their education.
In 2018, the state government introduced a fund to help students with scholarships, and also allocated funds for the first-time students to pay for the course.
But the government says it does not pay any tuition to these students.
In addition, according to Agarwat, scholarships for women and girls from disadvantaged communities are often only offered to students from affluent families, and not the entire student body.
“The funding schemes for girls are very limited, and scholarships for male students are only available to their families,” he adds.
“Women and girls who have been pushed down are often not eligible for scholarships,” Agarswal adds.
But a study by a private educational charity found that the government paid more than Rs.5,000 for the tuition of a class of girls from a village in the district of Sainik, compared with about Rs 2,000 per class for boys.
This is because the government does not make available any scholarships for girls, said Sarvesh Kaul, director general of the Kaul-Nikhil Foundation for Women and Children.
“Most of the scholarships we received were for male and female students from rural and urban areas,” he said.
“There was not a single grant for girls in rural areas.”
As a result, Kaul says, “we can’t go to our villages and speak to our girls.”
In the past, Kaunas district government has worked with the government of Jammu to improve access to educational institutions.
But the government still does not provide scholarships to girls in their village for their schooling.
The Srinangatla University in Sainak, where the government’s programme for women education was started, also does not have scholarships.
But a government official in the state says the government is actively seeking to create a women-only course at the college.
“At the moment, the education at Sainaka is the responsibility