The world’s most populous country, India, is in the midst of a massive reform of its education system.
The reform will allow more women into the workforce and make India a hub for the world’s fastest-growing global economy.
But the biggest challenge of the reform is ensuring that the educational system is sufficiently inclusive.
As the world continues to grapple with its worst gender inequality crisis since World War II, the world is looking at the India experience as a cautionary tale.
India has long had one of the highest female enrollment rates in the world, with nearly 10 percent of the population in education.
But the rate has dropped dramatically since 2014, with just 4.7 percent of women taking up full-time education, compared with 17.5 percent in 2000.
While the number of women in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) has increased in the last decade, the percentage of women graduating from college is still significantly lower than the United States.
India’s Education Minister Vipul Misra told The Wall St. Journal that it’s crucial that India has a gender-equitable system of higher education to enable more women to take advantage of India’s opportunity.
He said that the government is working on a comprehensive set of measures to ensure that every child in India is given an education equal to their abilities, with emphasis on ensuring that students receive the same opportunities as everyone else.
Misra also said that there are steps the government has taken to help address the issues of women’s disadvantage in STEM fields, like the new Gender-Equitable Workplace and the gender quota for teachers.
“In order to ensure equal opportunities, we have been moving in this direction, making sure that we have more women in the workplace and teachers are doing more work in STEM,” he said.
India already has some of the most competitive universities in the global league table of higher learning.
But a key issue for India’s higher education is the shortage of women.
The country has the second-highest number of female college graduates in the entire world, but a gender quota has been in place for some time.
In 2016, India’s government set aside 30 percent of seats in all the state-run universities for women, compared to the national average of around 10 percent.
Misras said that India is taking steps to ensure parity in higher education, but he added that India needs to be ambitious and take bold steps.
“India needs to ensure its education is gender-sensitive.
The gender quota must be implemented across all the universities in order to guarantee gender equity,” he told The Journal.
He said that women should be given the same opportunity as men, but that the gender-inclusive curriculum should also be in place in schools, including colleges, and there must be gender-neutral classrooms in classrooms.
India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been advocating for gender-equal education for decades.
He launched the Bharatiya Janata Party’s Women and Girls’ Initiative in 2015 and launched the National Policy for Women in Education in 2018.
He has also advocated for gender parity in India’s labor market, as well as on the frontlines of education.
For example, Misra said that government policy on gender equity has been moving toward gender-based compensation for women workers, which is the cornerstone of the Indian government’s goal to create an inclusive workforce that includes women.
The Education Ministry, which oversees India’s education sector, said in a statement that it is committed to ensure all students are provided the opportunity to learn at a world-class level, including in the fields of science, engineering, mathematics, and language arts.