In an era when India is becoming a middle-income country, government colleges have emerged as a significant pillar of empowerment for women.
With government colleges providing access to tertiary education, the availability of a job in the private sector, and access to health care and education, government education is a major lifeline for women in the country.
Government colleges in Sulkampuram District of Kerala, for example, are providing jobs for women students, helping them land an affordable home.
Government arts colleges in Lahore, capital of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, are also seeing a large number of female graduates.
Government colleges in the US and Canada are also offering higher education to women, and many women are working in government offices and private sector roles, as the government works to ensure that all women, regardless of gender, are given access to government jobs.
While these are important steps towards making India a more inclusive and equal society, it is important to note that women in these countries are also subject to abuse and exploitation.
The Government’s Education Bill, 2016, introduced in 2016, and the Education (Women) Bill, 2017, have focused on empowering women by providing them with equal opportunities in the educational sector.
However, these laws are not without issues.
In order to address gender discrimination in government and private education, several amendments were made to the Education Act of 2017.
These amendments include:The first amendment to the education law, introduced on November 18, 2019, requires government colleges to allow women to take courses only for three months and require them to take remedial courses only if they have a “medical condition”.
However, the amended legislation also provides for the establishment of a separate “female education” sector within government colleges, and has not addressed the problem of discrimination against women.
This is where the second amendment, which came into effect on January 1, 2020, comes into play.
This amendment was designed to address the issue of discrimination and harassment against women in public and private institutions of higher education.
The amendment seeks to address harassment and discrimination faced by women and girls in education and the workforce in the education sector.
While this amendment aims to make the Indian education sector a more gender-sensitive one, it does not address the underlying issues that contribute to discrimination against females in government education and workforce, and which are prevalent in other sectors of the economy.
The amendments also leave women in government institutions vulnerable to harassment, violence, and discrimination, and have led to higher levels of female attrition in higher education, as women are left with no choice but to leave government jobs and leave public sector jobs.
According to a recent survey by the National Council of Educational Research (NCER), India has the highest proportion of female students studying in government schools.
The NCER also found that, out of the total population of 7.5 crore students in the state of Kerala (including the 10.7 crore students studying at the state’s government colleges), 1.1 crore are female.
These figures highlight the importance of the government’s educational reforms.
These reforms are important, but not enough.
The Government of India should also ensure that it is inclusive and gender-neutral in the provision of education to all women and that it does its utmost to address discrimination and violence against women and their children.