An article from April 2018 that was written by the Department of Culture, Arts and Tourism (DCAUT) at the University of Johannesburg (UJ).
It describes the early days of women’s education in South African universities, and the reasons why women did not have a place in the workforce.
The article has since been removed from the university’s website, but you can read it in its entirety on the University’s website.
The article’s premise is a fairly familiar one: Women had limited access to education and were therefore not considered equal to men in the workplace.
The story of South Africa’s gender gap, which has widened in the past 25 years, is often glossed over or dismissed as a narrative of a woman-dominated economy.
It’s the story of the gender gap that has come to dominate our politics.
The problem with this narrative is that the gender-based economic inequalities we see today do not simply result from a lack of women in the labor force.
They stem from structural racism that exists in all sectors of society, from housing and education to employment and the wider economy.
In this post, I want to explore the origins of this narrative and how it relates to the South African context today.
The Gender Gap In the 1980s and 1990s, there was an era of heightened interest in the possibility of women having more control over their own lives and destiny.
There was an awareness that a woman’s role was in fact to support her family and the community, and that the economic and political challenges faced by women could only be addressed by a change in the status quo.
Women had historically had little economic power and were viewed as dependent on men, and women were seen as “second-class citizens.”
This view of women as dependent and second-class members of society had a lot to do with the fact that women were often seen as the primary breadwinners in households.
This view was reflected in the education system, which in the 1980’s and 1990’s had often focused on helping women to overcome the challenges of early marriage, family structure, and economic independence.
The education system did this by educating women in a “woman’s way,” as they were called, rather than on how to develop skills that could enable them to compete on a level playing field with men.
The primary focus of this approach was to create “mothers” to “mother-in-law” roles, and this focus on the woman as the sole provider and nurturer of the family led to a focus on gender equality.
South Africa was, at the time, a relatively small, largely male-dominated society.
Women were not given the same opportunities as men to achieve their own economic independence, and as a result they had little chance to advance in the formal workplace.
This meant that South Africans often viewed women as a source of economic instability, and when they did, their children were often disadvantaged, even when they had a stable home and a supportive relationship.
In the early 1980s, a new approach was taking hold in South Australia: the concept of “female empowerment” was emerging, and South African women were increasingly seeing themselves as a critical force in the family, and were beginning to challenge the “male model” in their own families.
One of the main themes of this feminism was that women needed to be supported by the state, so they could achieve the full range of career and professional opportunities they had been promised, while also participating in the work place.
In South Africa, the women’s movement began to focus on improving women’s opportunities in the labour market.
This was a process that involved a large-scale effort to introduce more opportunities for women to work outside the home, and in particular to create a flexible work-life balance.
It was in this context that the “gender gap” narrative emerged, and it was this narrative that became the focus of the new narrative of “women’s empowerment.”
This was a narrative that linked the gender divide to the economy.
When South Africans thought about their gender, they were thinking about their economic situation.
When they were asked what their gender was, they thought of themselves as having two options: a man, or a woman.
This is a gender gap which exists in almost every sector of society.
So, it was a gender narrative that created a gender-specific context in which women were viewed not as “dependent” on men in a relationship or in the broader economy, but rather as being second- class citizens and having to rely on their children in the home.
The South African government had a long-term plan to bring about the transformation of the country, which was called the “change agenda”.
This was intended to create an economy that was “the fairest in the world”, one where women were considered equal and had the opportunity to participate fully in the society.
The “change Agenda” did not work, and there is evidence that the transition to a more equitable